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What are the differences between the French and English Bulldog?

The names of these two dogs are very similar and they can be difficult to tell apart if you don’t know them. Here are the differences you need to know between the French Bulldog and the English Bulldog.

1. Different Origin

As their names suggest, the country of origin of these two dogs is not the same. The English Bulldog was used at 13e century before the “bullbaiting” », a sport where these dogs face bulls. Once this practice was banned, he became a pet.

The French Bulldog, meanwhile, descends from the English Bulldog but underwent crossing to get smaller. He appeared in Paris at the slaughterhouses of La Villette in the 1980s. The Tibetan mastiff is also said to be a very distant ancestor of this dog.

french bulldog dog
A French Bulldog. Credit: OTW/iStock

2. Physical Differences

The English Bulldog is bigger than the French Bulldog as he weighs between 20 and 25 kilos compared to 10 to 15 kilos for the French Bulldog. On the other hand, they are quite close in size: 30 to 40 centimeters for the English Bulldog against 30 to 36 centimeters for the French Bulldog.

In addition, the French Bulldog has a more square head.. The English Bulldog, on the other hand, has a sharper jaw. Maize their distinction is also made by the shape of their ears : those of the English Bulldog are pendulous, quite small and shaped like roses. Conversely, the French Bulldog’s ears are elongated and erect on its head.

Another difference to note: The French Bulldog’s hind legs are longer than the front legs. The English Bulldog does not have this physical trait.

english bulldog dog
An English Bulldog. Credit: MK817/Pixabay

The coats of these dogs are also different. The English Bulldog has a wider range of coats (from white, to black, even red) while the French Bulldog is limited to just ten coats.

The English Bulldog also has more health problems than the French Bulldog. Indeed, he has droopy eyes and is subject to cherry eye (purple or pink mass in the corner of the eye due to the tear duct being blocked). But one health issue concerns both the English Bulldog and the French Bulldog: breathing problems due to their bruised snout.

3. Physical Matches

The English Bulldog and the French Bulldog also have some physical similarities. They both have short hair. However, the English Bulldog will have to be brushed and cleaned more often because it sheds a lot of hair and dirt can get into the skin folds. An English Bulldog therefore needs two to three brushings per week against one for a French Bulldog.

Because one bulldog is descended from another, they have certain common physical features such as a flattened muzzle or quite powerful jaw.

4. A Similar Temperament

They are two very playful, cheerful and affectionate. But they are also very stubborn. They can show themselves patients, even if they don’t like repetition (e.g. always playing the same game).

In addition, they can be both calm and lively and easy to adapt to any type of homewhether it concerns families with children or the elderly. Finally, it’s dogs that have little movement needed.

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